LISTEN TO THE WOOD – How To pick and retain good wood for your DYI woodworking project.

Hi, Welcome to Master Control's
Woodshop Channel today I'm going to focus on picking the right piece of wood
for your project I will show you how to listen to the wood so you will know you
have the right piece of wood I will explain the difference between softwood
and hardwood lumber and even how to determine the moisture content at the
time the lumber was surfaced knowing the difference in your lumber can make the
mean the difference between a side table that looks great and one that starts to
work before long you probably found this video because
you want to learn more about woodworking you might be wondering if you can do it
yourself you might be even asking yourself do I have the right tools or
even do I have the right skills well your skills will grow over time and with
trial and error plus I will be creating videos that may be helpful in the future
keep in mind that your tools do not have to be expensive starting out make it
simple and grow with each new tool and project now keep in mind I have 20 years
plus experience but even I started out with simple tools a skill saw a hammer a
screwdriver this portable table saw that I moved around in my shed and a handful
of cheap tools and in that shed as the years went on I grew and learned more
about each tool through each project eventually I had to build a work full
workshop as you see today to hold all my new tools and create master controlls
workshop this is where I build all kinds of workshop projects from furniture to
exotic wood lexan and leather paddles please make sure to subscribe like or
even better leave a comment if you want a question answered in the next set of
videos listening to the wood trees do a great job by growing my material for my
projects and when the rain and the Sun help shape the wood to give it character
you have to work what the tree gave you in the plank of wood you have to
compromise and bend it into the project with your tools I find every project
gives you a challenge and you will too but that is part of the creative process
the unpredictability of the outcome only makes the whole process even more
fascinating I look for wood that talks to me in that project it talks to us
through the grain the color the texture and the strength
of the wood please remember to have fun it is about creativity and
problem-solving and organizing a project to completion it's not it should not
become a burden now let's look at common lumber defects that you might have in
would both softwood and hardwood lumber will have defects because the way the
tree it came from grew or how it was machine through the mill processing be
on the lookout for the common defects you have bowed wood for on the face of
the board from end n you have cup which allows a hollow across the face of the
whole entire board you have a split which is a crack that's on all the way
through the wood you have a crook which is warp along the edge and also on the
crown you have a twist which is warping the lumber where the ends twist on the
opposite directions I like this piece of wood you have a check which is a crack
along the woods growth rings you have a shake which is a separation of the
grains between the growth rings often extending along the board surface and
sometimes below its surface you have a Wayne which is a missing wood or trim
bark along the edge or the corner of a piece and finally you have knots and not
holes tight knots are usually not a problem
they stay there loose knots may fall out and affect the integrity of the wood
why does would move and warp but wood is a breathing thing
it's made of a fibers that are basically shaped like straws that run the length
of the grain these fibers suck up and expel the moisture through the air think
of it like a collection of straws that behave like a sponge
when a dry sponge is small and compact a large one is swollen when it contains
more it will be larger however it does wood
in wood it doesn't move in the same direction so let's discuss the types of
lumber there are two types of lumber soft woods and hardwoods softwood lumber
comes from conifer trees like pine fir spruce and cedar these woods get their
classification for a reason they can easily be dead with just your fingernail
and keep in mind they have to be hardened if you want to stain it or be
blotchy software lumber also absorbs and loses moisture and much easier than
hardwood so extra care must be taken to maintain the wood stability over its
lifetime softwood lumber is cheaper because comfort trees grow faster than
hardwoods now let's talk about hardwood lumber hardware lumber comes from
deciduous trees which can have a broadleaf leaves in the fall off in the
cold months the most common trees you'll see in hardwood lumber are oak maple
walnut Hickory and mahogany which is my favorite and as you can gather from the
name most hardwoods are harder than soft woods and they aren't as easily dented
our wood trees take much longer to grow to maturity so the lumber they're turned
into is much more expensive than softwood variety consequently hardwood
is typically used in fine work woodworking furniture construction
cabinetry and flooring if you want to get into woodworking you'll primarily be
using hardwoods big-box stores don't stock much of it though so you'll have
to visit a specialty woodworking store a lumberyard or your local sawmill to
purchase it the type of wood what types provide different needs depending on
your project you need to look at it for strength and beauty if you want
something to last use hard wood if you want a cheap and simple wood you can use
pine which is a softwood but these both have their pros and cons you need to
know what your finishing will be before you choose the wood if your
to paint it the grain is less important so use a soft wood like pine if you love
the grain and will stain it then focus on the grain and use a hard wood
choosing a good wood I personally go to a small sawmill locally let's compare
the places you can buy wood a big-box store like hope Lowe's or Home Depot
they have nice pieces of wood when you're in the store but when you bring
it home you may watch it borp because they process their wood with a higher
water level copper content and so when it starts dry it can warp especially
wood stores offer better wood but check the moisture may have exotic woods and
stores that you might like on that or wood crafter or a Rockler lumber yards
here you're going to find a large selection but they may not have exotic
hardwoods sawmills i buy wood from several places but my local ha ha meow
is Hobby hardwood Alabama in Newmarket Alabama the wood I get there is
carefully managed to ensure the water content is low and I rarely get a warped
piece of wood now choosing the right cut lets choose either quarter sawn or rifts
on which are both the most stable cuts flat song which is the most common is
the least stable how to keep your board straight after you purchase them
sometimes the best defense is a good offense it is no different in more
working keep the wood in a climate-controlled place ultimately
purchase a moisture meter so you can help you ensure that you can check the
moisture content of newly bought wood against that of some that you already
have in your shop you can apply a finish to them whether it is latex paint
polyurethane wax linseed oil and after using them on your project just think
just make it difficult for moisture to enter so make sure that you coat the
whole board at least once and the end grains Motul times if you can do so this
will save your planks for a longer period of time this is because most
moisture enters annex and from the end of the board grain and
is where the wood and straws start and stop so that's it this is a
comprehensive but practical overview of how to buy good lumber for your project
and keep it in good condition I hope you like my handy tips and maybe learn a
couple of things check out our channel for new videos as they come out I'll be
working on some cool and uni projects you probably won't see anywhere else
make sure you subscribe like share and most importantly if you have a question
or would like to see something else leave a comment for so I can answer them
in future videos now remember stay safe and always measure twice and cut once

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