How to build freestanding porch / steps / deck HOME DEPOT DIY

this is CLS home 1 and today we're going to be replacing some steps I got some steps here they're in really bad shape they are severely sloped towards the house causing a negative drainage towards the foundation unfortunately we can't repair these the concrete that itself is not that bad of shape but if I was to try to jack it up concrete would just break and crumble so we're just going to start over and build a new set of steps so we're going to start with getting this wood extension off the top here and then we have to jackhammer the concrete so here are some views of the existing set of steps that red line represents level and that's how bad it is the more angles of it so there's just no repairing this we just got to get it out of there and eventually this is what we're going to have in place of it we're going to put a wood porch in there a free-standing porch that we can adjust if needed in the future because we have a lot of settlement issues here alright so we're going to be using a jackhammer this is a 90 pound jackhammer and I got a big air compressor also that we're using that I had to rent and we're going to be tearing that up so we're going to take this wood off first which is glued on there make sure you have some safety glasses and some ear protection and some steel toed boots especially with the jackhammer so we're going to start just take off flow chunks of time it's a lot of work there's no easy way around this this is just hard work get this all cleaned up alright now we got it cleaned up so now we're setting our deck blocks I got four concrete deck blocks here with a hole in the center that's designed to hold a four by four post the dead blocks don't need to be level with each other but they do need to be level on the ground otherwise they'll slide so we got them nice and level underneath of them I've made some measurements where my post should be probably within a couple inches so we might have to adjust them back and forth but we can do the fine-tuning after we build our base so let's get started and get the base built so I'm going to be using a 2 by 10 material for the base so the base is going to be built with a 2 by 10 pre-stain true red tone wood and it's going to measure 47 1/2 by forty seven and a half I'll be using a three inch torque head bit screw t25 to construct the base there's a closer look at it there so when I get this built so we're basically just building a square and then we're going to put a support in the very middle also so we got this all built now we're going to get our base in perfect position and then we're going to adjust our blocks so the blocks in the back are going to have to be set a little ways from the corner because of the foundation but in the front we're going to put them right at the corner so notice both of these are lined perfect with the corner it's now it's time to put a post in so I'm just going to shimmy the base up little by little until it's in perfect position another way doing it would just speed it keep blocking it up little by little but I'm just going to use the post and just move it little by little until it's in perfect position once it's in roughly in position we're going to use a level get it perfect we're going to level the base out and we're going to level the post one by one until everything's perfect so we're real close here just a little bit more leveling once it's nice and level we're going to go ahead and use some lag bolts so we're going to use a four inch lag bolt by 3/8 and we're going to pre-drill those holes before we put those light bolts in so we're gonna get live bolts on all those posts and on that middle piece of wood that's really going to give us some nice support now we're going to go ahead and chop off when he's posts because this is where the stairs are going to be so we don't need a post there now we're going to start putting our floor on so we're going to have to mark the first board there we have to mark for where the posts are going to be we have to notch it out there so I got it marked right there where the notches are going to be and now we're gonna have to cut those so we can cut part of this with just the miter saw here but then we're going to have to do the rest for the chisel so here's what we can cut with the miter saw there now we're gonna have to use a hammer and the chisel and I'm also going to use a multi-tool and that's can allow me to make a nice clean cut to start with so there's no jagged cut this is not necessary it just makes for a cleaner cut so that chisel break right through that no problem so now we got a notched out for those posts perfectly there now we can go ahead and screw this one into place we're going to put two screws on each end and two in the middle there now it's time for the second board I'm going to use some shims to get some perfect spacing so we're going to put one shim on each end there and we can do that for every board we put on will use those shims to get perfect spacing so I did it a half inch overlap with the boards here to give it a nice finished look now we're to the opposite side we're gonna have to notch out for this post so you just need to make your necessary measurements get that notched out and would do it the same way we did that first board to get it not alright so we got the almost the whole top here done we got a little bit left over but we're going to wait to do that until we do the stairs here's a look at the stairs I'm using so there are some pre-made stairs I got from Home Depot we're going to put one in the middle and one on each end but before we do that we're going to put have to put some papers at the bottom because we don't want the stairs to come in direct contact with the dirt we want them resting on concrete so I'm going to put some pavers down there where they need to be at the right height and have them nice and level once those are level we can start attaching our stairs so I'm going to be to nailing in the top of the steps here so I'll be driving the two screws at a pretty good angle to secure it there's a better look at what I've done there so we're going to be doing that for all three of them they'll be one in the middle and one on each end so we're going to go ahead and get all three of them in place here get them all total nailed down once they're all in position we're going to make some measurements we want to make sure it's the same exact width at the bottom in the top so nothing's crooked there and we can start measuring and get our steps in place so at the top we're gonna have to notch one more piece to get around that post approximately about half inch out to make it fit after we get that in place we're going to have to actually rip a board I want to inch and a half overhang for each piece I'm going to have to cut a two inch piece to fill this gap the rest of the steps work out perfectly with two two by sixes no ripping is needed for this particular one I'm going to rip a 2×4 so here's a trick I'm going to use I'm just going to secure a 2×4 to the steps here with the two inch overhang then I'm just going to cut that with a circular saw if you have a table saw the job would be much easier so we got this rift and now we're going to add that to the top to fill that gap so the rest steps will go real easy it's just going to be two two by sixes for each step so we got those all in place and secure now we're going to be adding a post to the bottom so this parts a little tricky to make this nice and sturdy we're going to have to attach this at multiple parts on the stairs so to start with I'm going to mark the second two by six on the steps I'm going to mark the bottom of it where it meets the side support we're going to mark it from underneath there then I'm going to go ahead and take that step off I only had a couple screws in it because I knew I was going to do this and now we're going to put the post where that mark was and we're going to notch out for the post you see I have a notch here for where the post is going to be then also on the top I'm going to have to notch out part of that also because we're going to attach the post up here on this step also and that 4×4 is going to fit perfect between both of these so when you get those both back in place now get them screwed down and then that 4×4 should fit right in there perfectly so here's a better look at it now so I've secured it on the side support here and now we're going to add a 4 by 4 block underneath here to support the top of it better so it's going to give it to secure points so I'm going to get that 4×4 block screw it in there and then here's a look at where that 4×4 block is so we got directly behind it there and now we're going to toenail the 4×4 post edge of that support block and we're going to do that on both sides then we're going to put a couple screws on the top to this step also now we're going to go ahead and cut the rest of our posts so you're gonna have to make a mark all the way around we're going to using a sawzall to cut it so I'm going to be cutting in about 38 and a half inches because I want them to end up 40 inches when I'm done so we're going to do the same thing for all the posts on the top here on the bottom posts we're going to use a level to get the true angle there we're going to match the stairs there with a level and they can mark on both posts and then from the front of the posts they're from the mark we made we're going to measure up that happens to be about 27 and a half and we're going to measure from the same place on the front post up 27 1/2 inches and that'll give us our mark for where we need to make an angle now we're going to hold the level on the top of post up above and then make an angle mark there so now we have an angle that's going to match the staircase there and we're going to mark that all the way around so we can follow that with the sawzall pretty good and make a nice cut so we get that cutting in place and now with matching angle pretty good so now it's time to start building our top railing so we're going to measure where it is to the inside a 4×4 post here and that's where we're going to make our 45 so it has to be a thirty nine and a half we're going to make a mark there and we're going to use the square to make our forty five line so we're lined up there I'm going to go ahead mark it so my miter saw can't quite cut through a two by six at a 45 degree angle it won't cut wide enough so the trick I do is I go ahead and cut one direction I flip it then I turn the miter saw the opposite way so I can continue cutting through the 45 so we're not going to screw this in place yet what I'm going to do is I'm going to use the remainder of the 8-foot piece I used it was going to be a 45 on the opposite half now I'm going to use that to make sure that these angles lined up perfect before I screw it in place so here's the remaining piece of the piece I just cut so that's what we're going to use to get this in perfect position and get exactly where we want then we'll go ahead and screw it in place so we'll do with four screws on that post and then we're going to do a couple screws on the other end now we can go ahead and attach the other piece so that piece happens to be long enough it fits on that side but we're going to leave about a three inch overhang on this end so I'm going to go ahead and mark that now I'm going to cut that a 20 degree angle and then I'm going to cut the very tip of it off straight so it kind of rounds off the end there and gives a little bit of a shape to it that is just a square end there's kind of a closer look at it there just gives it more of a finished look than just chopping it off straight so there's how it looks from the side there so we got that top round position now now it's time to put on that front piece so I'm actually going to attach this from underneath so what I've done is I've used a rough cut piece of two by six and I'm going to trace this exactly the angle needs to be by holding it on the side there and then I'm going to cut that so this is a really sharp angle so I actually had to hold this and cut it manually with the miter saw there then the opposite end you need to determine where your length is and get that cut and rounded like we did the top piece so I've got about a six inch overhang and then that angle meets the top there so we're going to put some screws down here and then we're going to put some screws up here and an angle just like this so we're going to put two screws up here to secure this now it's time to put in our side supports so traditionally you want to put them in between the posts but because these posts aren't concrete I'm going to put it on the outside to make it even stronger so we're going to get our first piece in place there and cut a 45 at the end now for the next piece we need to figure out what the angle is going to be here so here's a trick you can hold two straight end pieces right the very corner and then trace a line that's going to give us an angle that puts us at 34 degrees so that's actually wrong we need to divide that by two and that it'll put us at 17 and that will be the correct angle we need for this so we got the 17 degrees on that end and then 45 on this end where it meets the other one on the bottom piece we can make a straight cut on that side even with the post now on this end of 45 so that's where the bottom ends so now on the top we're going to do a 17 degree on one end then in the opposite end we're going to go in trace where it needs to be cut and then get that mounted in place now we're going to do the bottom railing here we're going to match the angle of stairs and then make a mark on both ends where it meets the posts and then get that mounted also now it's time for uprights we're gonna go ahead melt these every five inches to give it a nice clean look there with no big spaces so given that five inch spacing is going to leave about a three and a half inch gap between every one because these are an inch and a half thick so here's a look at the top railing here now it's time for the stair railing so being that the stair railing is at an angle it'll be easier to use a level so mark the top every five inches and then use a level to make the mark on the bottom so here's a look at everything finished now so this project took me a couple days complete the biggest part of the job was actually cleaning up the old concrete they're jackhammering it and get rid of it that was a pretty big job for one for that probably been done in a day but it turned out pretty good thanks for watching this is CLS all-in-one please like and subscribe

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